Migration, female genital mutilation and refugee status. European strategies between violated bodies and unavoidable rights
The migration phenomenon is at the heart of European policies. It has caused contrasts due to different cultural and religious traditions. Some practices followed by migrants violate human rights and condemned by the European legislator and the Member States. Among these, particular attention is given to female genital mutilation (FGM) which indicates practices aimed at the partial or total removal of the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The rituals are performed for social, cultural and religious reasons in the belief that it will benefit girls or women. In truth, no religious text requires female genital mutilation. The practice is carried out on young girl of every age and has harmful effects on health of the victims. FGM is child abuse, is violation of women's human rights and reflects inequality between sexes. They are persecutory acts that allow refugee status to be obtained. The EU is strongly committed to eliminating FGM through strategic prevention actions, legislative measures and welfare services. However, the main way to fight these practices is changing attitudes and beliefs into communities concerned with a comprehensive and integral approach by all the Member States.
Keywords: femal genital mutilation; FGM; Human right violation; Europe.