Is it possible to mitigate African migration towards the European Union?


  • Armando Alvares García Junior International University of La Rioja (Spain)


Africa, migration, sustainable development goals, policy, European Union


In the sights of the ultranationalist parties, migration from Africa (Moroccans, Somalis and, to a lesser extent, Ethiopians, Kenyans, Ugandans, Congolese and Chadians) to the European Union encompasses not only African citizens, but also people from the Near East and the Middle East/Asia. Improved living conditions in these countries of origin can mitigate migratory flows to Europe, although current efforts by international society are diluted by the many global challenges - terrorism, climate change, etc. - that demand immediate attention and resources and make it difficult to channel them towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. At the same time, host countries can benefit from migratory flows for their own national development, depending essentially on political will and intelligence in the design and implementation of national programmes.


Keywords: Africa; migration; sustainable development goals; policy; European Union.



Abel, Guy J., et al. “Climate, conflict and forced migration.” Global Environmental Change 54 (2019): 239-249.

Adamson, Göran. “Why Do Right-Wing Populist Parties Prosper? Twenty-One Suggestions to the Anti-Racist.” Society 56.1 (2019): 47-58.

Ahmadalipour, Ali, et al. “Future drought risk in Africa: Integrating vulnerability, climate change, and population growth.” Science of The Total Environment 662 (2019): 672-686.

Alvares Garcia Júnior, Armando. “Menores en la Unión Europea. Contextualización y análisis de las dificultades en la solicitud de asilo.” Cuadernos de Derecho Transnacional 11.1 (2019): 63-81.

Androff, David. “Human Rights-Based and Good Governance Approaches to Social Development.” Future Directions in Social Development. New York (2017): 61-77.

Androutsou, Lorena, and Theodoros, Metaxas. "Health Systems that Meet the Health Needs of Refugees and Migrants." Journal of Developing Societies 35.1 (2019): 83-104.

Anthias, Floya, and Gabriela Lazaridis. Into the margins: migration and exclusion in Southern Europe. Routledge, 2018.

Auerbach, Alan, et al. “Propagation and smoothing of shocks in alternative social security systems.” Journal of Public Economics 164 (2018): 91-105.

Babarinde, Olufemi. "New Directions in EU-Africa Development Initiatives." EU Development Policies. Cham (2019): 111-134.

Baun, Michael J. An imperfect Union: The Maastricht Treaty and the new politics of European integration. Routledge, 2018.

Brundenius, Claes. “Challenges of Rising Inequalities and the Quest for Inclusive and Sustainable Development.” Universities, Inclusive Development and Social Innovation. Cham (2017): 9-48.

Bugaric, Bojan. “The Two Faces of Populism: Between authoritarian and democratic populism.” German Law Journal 20.3 (2019): 390-400.

Bugge, Marit. “Obedience and Dehumanization: Placing the Dublin Regulation within a Historical Context.” Journal of Human Rights and Social Work 4.1 (2019): 91-100.

Burki, Shahid Javed. Rising Powers and Global Governance. Changes and Challenges for the World´s Nations. Springer, 2016.

Chetail, Vicent, Philippe De Bruycker, and Maiani, Francesco. "Reforming the common European asylum system: The new European refugee law." International Journal of Refugee Law 29.2 (2017): 382-385.

Chomsky, Aviva. “They take our jobs!”and 20 other myths about immigration. Boston, 2018.

Christensen, Steen Fryba, and Xing, Li. “The Emerging Powers and the Emerging World Order: back to the future?.” Emerging Powers, Emerging Markets, Emerging Societies. Palgrave Macmillan. Londres (2016): 3-29.

Cinnamon Piñon, Carlarne, Gray, Kevin R., and Tarasofsky, Richard. The Oxford Handbook of International Climate Change Law. Oxford, 2016.

Clemens, Michael A., and Pritchett, Lant. “The new economic case for migration restrictions: an assessment.” Journal of Development Economics 138 (2019): 153-164.

Croucher, Sheila. Globalization and belonging: The politics of identity in a changing world. Miami, 2018.

Epstein, Marc J. Making Sustainability Work: Best Practices in Managing and Measuring Corporate Social Environmental and economic impacts. Sheffield, 2018.

Esposito, John L. “Islamophobia and Radicalization: Roots, Impact and Implications.” Islamophobia and Radicalization. Cham (2019): 15-33.

Fassio, Claudio, Montobbio, Fabio and Venturini, Alessandra. “Skilled migration and innovation in European industries.” Research Policy 48.3 (2019): 706-718.

Ferreira, Susana. “Narratives on Migration: From Words to Perceptions.” Human Security and Migration in Europe's Southern Borders. Cham (2019): 131-144.

Friedman, Eric A. “An independent review and accountability mechanism for the Sustainable Development Goals: the possibilities of a Framework Convention on Global Health.” Health and Human Rights 18.1 (2016):129-135.

Garcia Zamor, Jean Claude. “The Global wave of refugees and migrants: complex challenges for European policy makers.” Public Organization Review 17.4 (2017): 581-594.

Gill, Nick, and Good, Anthony. Asylum Determination in Europe: Ethnographic Perspectives. Springer, 2018.

González Enríquez, Carmen. “Las promesas migratorias del nuevo gobierno italiano.” Migraciones Internacionales, Real instituto El Cano (2018).

Grasso, Maria T, and Lahusen, Christian. “European Solidarity at a Crossroads? Citizens’ Attitudes and Political Behaviors in Europe.” American Behavioral Scientist 63.4 (2019): 423-429.

Győrffy, Dóra. Trust and Crisis Management in the European Union. Springer, 2018.

Hausmann, Ricardo, and Nedelkoska, Ljubica. "Welcome home in a crisis: Effects of return migration on the non-migrants' wages and employment." European Economic Review 101 (2018): 101-132.

Hiam, L., et al. "Overcoming the barriers migrants face in accessing health care." Public health 41.1 (2019).

Ilyas, Saddam, Bilal, Mehmood, and Raees, Aslam. “Terrorism and poverty: double trouble for macroeconomic performance in African countries.” African Journal of Economic Review 5.1 (2017): 1-13.

Joris, Wilem, et al. “The refugee crisis in Europe: A frame analysis of European newspapers.” Migrants, Refugees, and the Media. Routledge (2018): 59-80.

Kahler, Miles. “Rising powers and global governance: negotiating change in a resilient status quo.” International Affairs 89.3 (2013): 711-729.

Lafleur, Jean Michel, and Mikolaj, Stanek. “EU migration and the economic crisis: concepts and Issues.” South-north migration of EU citizens in times of crisis. Cham (2017): 1-14.

Lax Moreno, Violeta. Accessing asylum in Europe: extraterritorial border controls and refugee rights under EU Law. Oxford, 2017.

Lim, Sung Soo. "Aspirations of Migrants and Returns to Human Capital Investment." Social Indicators Research 138.1 (2018): 317-334.

Lutz, Brenda J, and Lutz, James M. Globalization and the economic consequences of terrorism. Londres, 2017.

Mazumdar, Dipak, and Mazaheri, Ata. Wages and employment in Africa. Routledge, 2018.

McLaren, Lauren, and Paterson, Ian. "Generational change and attitudes to immigration." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2019): 1-18.

Mergos, George, and Papanastassiou, Marina. “Food Security and Sustainability: Globalisation, Investment and Financing.” Food Security and Sustainability. Cham (2017): 1-34.

Midgley, James, and Manohar, Pawar. Future Directions in Social Development. Nueva York, 2017.

Mountford, Andrew, and Hillel, Rapoport. “Migration policy, African population growth and global inequality.” The World Economy 39.4 (2016): 543-556.

Nelson, Paul J, and Dorsey, Ellen. “Who practices rights-based development? A progress report on work at the nexus of human rights and development.” World Development 104 (2018): 97-107.

Owen, David. “Refugees, EU Citizenship and the Common European Asylum System. A Normative Dilemma for EU Integration.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice (2019): 1-23.

Pherali, Tejendra, and Lewis, Alexandra. "Developing global partnerships in higher education for peacebuilding: a strategy for pathways to impact." Higher Education (2019): 1-16.

Piper, Nicola, and Withers, Matt. "Forced transnationalism and temporary labour migration: implications for understanding migrant rights." Identities 25.5 (2018): 558-575.

Pogge, Thomas, and Sengupta, Mitu. “Assessing the sustainable development goals from a human rights perspective.” Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy 32.2 (2016): 83-87.

Pries, Ludger. “The Interplay of Organized Violence and Forced Migration: A Transnational Perspective.” New Migration Patterns in the Americas. Cham (2019): 27-55.

Quintel, Teresa, and Carsten, Ullrich. “Self-Regulation of Fundamental Rights? The EU Code of Conduct on Hate Speech, Related Initiatives and Beyond.” Fundamental Rights Protection Online: The Future Regulation of Intermediaries. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019.

Rai, Shirin M., Brown, Benjamin D, and Ruwanpura, Kanchana N. “SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth–A gendered analysis.” World Development 113 (2019): 368-380.

Roberts, Rosie. Ongoing mobility trajectories: Lived experiences of global migration. Springer, 2019.

Rösch, Felix, and Richard, Ned Lebow. “Realism: Tragedy, Power and the Refugee Crisis.” Realism in Practice 29 (2018): 6-30.

Roth, Mitchel P. Global Organized Crime: A 21st century approach. Houston, 2017.

Rüegger, Seraina. “Refugees, ethnic power relations, and civil conflict in the country of asylum”. Journal of Peace Research, 56.1 (2019): 42-57.

Rydgren, Jens. The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right. Oxford, 2018.

Rylko Bauer, Barbara, and Farmer, Paul. “Structural Violence, Poverty, and Social Suffering.” The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty (2016): 47-75.

Sánchez Fernández, Pablo Antonio. “European Asylum Law: A Model for a More Cosmopolitan International Asylum Law?.” Democratic Legitimacy in the European Union and Global Governance. Cham (2017): 321-342.

Selvin, Erdem. “Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Politics and Discourse.” Insight Turkey 20.1 (2018): 244-246

Shirmohammadi, Melika, Beigi, Mina and Stewart, Jim. "Understanding skilled migrants’ employment in the host country: a multidisciplinary review and a conceptual model." The International Journal of Human Resource Management 30.1 (2019): 96-121.

Sikdar, Subhas K., Debalina, Sengupta, and Mukherjee, Rajib. “Measuring Progress Towards Sustainability.” Springer International Publishing, Berlin (2017): 978-2983.

Supik, Linda, and Riem Spielhaus. “Introduction to Special Issue: Matters of classification and representation: Quantifying ethnicity, religion and migration introduction.” Ethnicities 1 (2019): 455-468.

Teló, Mario. Globalisation, multilateralism, Europe: towards a better global governance?. Routledge, 2016.

Tezcan, Tolga, “Return home? Determinants of return migration intention amongst Turkish immigrants in Germany.” Geoforum 98 (2019): 189-201.

Traverso, Enzo. The New Faces of Fascism: Populism and the Far Right. London, 2019.

Urbina Ferretjans, Marian, and Surender, Rebecca. “Enhancing Global Cooperation in Social Development.” Future Directions in Social Development. Nueva York (2017): 227-249.

Valkonen, Tarmo Johannes, and Christoffer Barslund, Mikkel. “Achieving Economic Sustainability in Ageing Societies.” The Future of Ageing in Europe. Singapore (2019): 53-77.

Von Beyme, Klaus. “Parties and Populism.” Rightwing Populism. Cham (2019): 35-55.

Walby, Sylvia. “Is Europe cascading into fascism?: Addressing key concepts including gender and violence.” Politics and Governance 6.3 (2018): 67-77.

Weber, Hannes. “Can Violent Conflicts Explain the Recent Increase in the Flow of Asylum Seekers from Africa Into Europe?.” Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 17 (2019): 1-20.

Weiss, Thomas G. Global governance: why? what? whither?. Oxford, 2016.

Westerman, Richard. “Self-consciousness and Identity.” Lukács´s Phenomenology of Capitalism. Cham (2019): 201-237.

Zamora, Gerardo, et al. “Tools and approaches to operationalize the commitment to equity, gender and human rights: towards leaving no one behind in the Sustainable Development Goals.” Global health action 11 (2018): 75-81.



How to Cite

Alvares García Junior, A. (2019). Is it possible to mitigate African migration towards the European Union?. Vergentis. Revista De Investigación De La Cátedra Internacional Conjunta Inocencio III, 1(9), 65–116. Retrieved from

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.