Some particularities concerning the influence of mercy and humanity in Roman sources

Authors

  • José Luís Zamora Manzano University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain)

Keywords:

mercy, humanity, treatment of prisioners

Abstract

Mercy, together with piety and humanity, are taken into the Roman law because of the influence of Christianity and which led to rules that have their genesis in Roman law as canon 20 of the Orleans Council of 549 in the relation of treatment of prisoners. This traditional precept of the Church obliges the Archdeacon to visit the prisioners on Sundays in order to turn to them for mercy and guarantee certain needs in this case not only spiritual but also material. Moreover, this canon is based on a series of principles based on humanity, piety, benevolence and aequitas, introduced from the fourth century in Roman law; and in our paper, we analyze the traces that these left not only in the canon but also in modern penitentiary law. We could also observe, as the principle of humanity, which is perceived by Emperor Constantine's provisions in CTh. 9.3.1.pr = C.9.4.1 pr., or those of Honorio and Theodosius contained in C.1.4.9, leaves his faithful reflection in articles as art.6 of the L.O. 1/79, of 26 of September General Penitentiary Law and other supranational rules.

 

Keywords: mercy; humanity; treatment of prisioners.

References

<div>
<p>Andresen, Carl.&nbsp;<em>Die Kirchen der alten Christenheit</em>. Kohlhammer, 1971.</p>
<p>Bagnall, Roger Shaler, et al.&nbsp;<em>Consuls of the later Roman Empire</em>. Published for the American Philological Association by Scholars Press, 1987.</p>
<p>Barnes, Timothy D. "Praetorian Prefects, 337-361." <em>Zeitschrift f&uuml;r Papyrologie und Epigraphik</em> (1992): 249-260.</p>
<p>Bianchini, Mariagrazia. "Cadenze liturgiche e calendario civile fra IV e V secolo. Alcune considerazioni.&rdquo; <em>Temi e tecniche della legislazione tardoimperiale</em>. Torino, 2008.</p>
<p>Bianchini, Mariagrazia. &rdquo;Per la storia dei rapporti fra cristianesimo e impero da Costantino a Teodosio I.&rdquo; <em>Temi e tecniche della legislazione tardoimperiale</em>. Torino,2000.</p>
<p>Biondi, Biondo.&nbsp;<em>Il diritto romano cristiano</em>. Vol.III. Giuffr&egrave;, 1952.</p>
<p>Bonini, Roberto<em>. Ricerche di diritto giustinianeo</em>. Milano, 1968.</p>
<p>Brindis, Mar&iacute;a Cruz Camacho. "Psiquiatr&iacute;a y Prisi&oacute;n."&nbsp;<em>Anuario de derecho penal y ciencias penales</em>&nbsp;46.2 (1993):731-748.</p>
<p>de Buj&aacute;n, Antonio Fern&aacute;ndez. "En el mil setecientos aniversarios del Edicto de Mil&aacute;n sobre la tolerancia religiosa, del a&ntilde;o 313 despu&eacute;s de Cristo."&nbsp;<em>Religi&oacute;n y cultura</em>&nbsp;268 (2014): 255-262.</p>
<p>De Martino, Francesco. "Storia della costituzione romana." Napoli 5 (1975).</p>
<p>Dupont, Cl&eacute;mence.&nbsp;<em>Le Droit criminel dans les Constitutions de Constantin: les infractions. </em>Lille, 1953.</p>
<p>Falchi, Gian Luigi. "La tradizione giustinianea del materiale teodosiano (CTh XVI)." <em>Studia et documenta historiae et iuris</em> 57 (1991): 1-123.</p>
<p>Fern&aacute;ndez de Buj&aacute;n, Antonio. "Contribuci&oacute;n al estudio de la vigilancia, seguridad ciudadana y orden interno en el marco de la administraci&oacute;n p&uacute;blica romana: especial referencia a las agentes in rebus<em>." Hacia un derecho administrativo, fiscal y medioambiental romano III.</em> Madrid, 2016.</p>
</div>
<div>
<p>Gaudemet, Jean. <em>Histoire du Droit et des Institutions de l'&Eacute;glise en Occident. III. L'Eglise dans l'Empire romain (IV-V si&egrave;cles)</em>. Paris, 1958.</p>
<p>Gaudemet, Jean.<em> La formation du droit s&eacute;culier et du droit de l'Eglise aux IVe et Ve si&egrave;cles. </em>Vol. 15. Sirey, 1979.</p>
<p>Halm-Tisserant, Monique. &ldquo;&Xi;&Upsilon;&Lambda;&Alpha;: Des bois de la prisi&oacute;n.<em>&rdquo; Carcer prisi&oacute;n et privation de libert&eacute; dans L&acute;antiquit&eacute; classique</em>. Paris, 1999.</p>
<p>Kelley, Donald R. <em>The human measure: Social thought in the Western legal tradition</em>. Harvard University Press, 1990.</p>
<p>Lovato, Andrea. <em>Il carcere nel diritto penale romano: dai Severi a Giustiniano</em>. Bari, 1994.</p>
<p>Manzano, Jos&eacute; Luis Zamora<em>. </em><em>La administraci&oacute;n penitenciaria en el derecho romano. Gesti&oacute;n, tratamiento de los reclusos y mejora de la custodia carcelaria</em>. Madrid, 2015.</p>
<p>Maruotti, Laura Solidoro. <em>La tradizione romanistica nel diritto europeo</em>. Torino, 2001.</p>
<p>Mommsen, Theodor. <em>R&ouml;mischen Strafrecht</em>. Leipzig, 1899.</p>
<p>Neri, Valerio. <em>I marginali nell'occidente tardoantico: poveri," infames" e criminali nella nascente societ&agrave; cristiana</em>. Vol. 12. Edipuglia, 1998.</p>
<p>Pottier Edmond. &rdquo;Vinculum.&rdquo; <em>Dictionnaire des antiquit&eacute;s Grecques et romaines</em>. Vol.V. Paris, 1904.</p>
</div>
<p>Provera, Giuseppe. &rdquo;Riflessi privatistici dei pacta de crimine.&rdquo; <em>Studi in onore Biondi</em>. Vol. II (1965).</p>
<p>Rovira, Jos&eacute; Orlandis. "El canon 2 del XIII del Concilio de Toledo en su contexto hist&oacute;rico." <em>Anuario de historia del derecho espa&ntilde;ol</em> 67 (1997).</p>
<p>Sesma Le&oacute;n, Jos&eacute;. <em>La pastoral penitenciaria en Espa&ntilde;a. Historia de un proceso (1970-2012).</em> Madrid, 2013.</p>
<p>Steinwenter, Artur. <em>Die Stellung der Bisch&ouml;fe in der byzantinischen Verwaltung &Auml;gyptens</em>. <em>Studi Francisci I</em>. Milano, 1956.&nbsp;</p>
<p>Sumalla, Tamarit. <em>Curso de Derecho penitenciario</em>. Valencia, 2001.</p>
<p>Ubi&ntilde;a, Jos&eacute; Fern&aacute;ndez. "Privilegios episcopales y genealog&iacute;a de la intolerancia cristiana en &eacute;poca de Constantino." <em>Pyrenae</em> 40.1 (2009): 81-119.</p>
<p>Vismara, Giulio. "Ambrosio e Teodosio: I limiti del potere." <em>SDHI</em>56 (1990): 256-269.</p>

Downloads

Published

2017-06-14

How to Cite

Zamora Manzano, J. L. (2017). Some particularities concerning the influence of mercy and humanity in Roman sources. Revista De Investigación De La Cátedra Internacional Conjunta Inocencio III, 1(4), 297–324. Retrieved from https://vergentis.ucam.edu/index.php/vergentis/article/view/49